Soil is the foundation of all food that we and all other animals eat. Soil conservation technicians are important for the ongoing health of agriculture and more, globally. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 2. Soil conservation Soil is an indispensable foundation of life for humans, animals and plants. If we run out of arable land to grow food for billions of humans and animals across the globe, humanity is going to be in big trouble. If you see something that's making the soil sick, do everything you can to make the soil healthy again. What is anything in the environment that humans use? Soil Conservation is used to protect the soil from degradation. Broadly categorizing there are two methods of soil conservation. It provides nutrients for trees, plants, crops, animals, and a hundred million microorganisms that are essential for life to continue on this planet. soil conservation synonyms, soil conservation pronunciation, soil conservation translation, English dictionary definition of soil conservation. Contouring and terracing are methods prescribed by the US Natural Resources Conservation Service. Soil conservation is defined as the prevention of loss of the topmost layer of the soil. On-site, which is where erosion occurs, conservation brings about beneficial changes to soil fertility, purifies water and air, prevents floods and fights climate change. Soil erosion and infertility are caused by a number of negative farming practices. An example of soil conservation is covering rich soil with mulch to avoid wind erosion. Creating windbreaks is a great way to minimize soil erosion on flat farming areas. Soil provides firmament for us to live and build upon. Soil conservation techniques encourage water infiltration in the soil or harvest water in infiltration pits and dams rather than having the water run on the land surface and carry with it the topsoil and organic matter. This type of soil destruction is usually linked to erosion and slash-and-burn farming as well and occurs when the nutrients in the harvested products exceed the quantities of nutrients being applied. Soil Conservation Council of Canada. Soil conservation includes all those measures which help in protecting the soil from erosion and exhaustion. Article continues below advertisement What causes soil erosion? Erosion prevention strategies should focus on barriers with low capital and labor investment (e.g., live barriers) as well as improved management of fallow plots (e.g., cover cropping). These neat terraces are not only protected from erosion, they also provide some protection from high winds. By preserving soil health we ensure that food production continues to feed the world. Deciduous trees may work too, so long as they can stand guard all year. Covering crops is the act of rotating cash crops with other year-round plants so as to blanket the soil over the course of the year. In essence, it is protecting dirt from the many troubles that dirt is susceptible to. Soil conservation is a set of farming techniques and practices to avoid degradation, erosion and depletion in particular. Various Ways to Conserve Soil This means returning organic matter to the soil on a continual basis. Think about it for a moment. Soil Conservation Districts are in every county in Maryland and in nearly every county and city across the nation. Slash-and-burn and other unsustainable methods of subsistence farming are practiced in some lesser developed areas. Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America's largest dictionary, with: “Soil conservation.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/soil%20conservation. Soil Conservation (2015) This article by The Canadian Encyclopedia includes information on land use, conservation practices as well as soil … Post the Definition of soil conservation to Facebook, Share the Definition of soil conservation on Twitter. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? According to the Rodale Institute, crop rotation is considered a form of best practice in organic farming. It can be practised on the hills. Soil conservation is important because soil is crucial for many aspects of human life as it provides food, filters air and water and helps to decompose biological waste into nutrients for new plant life. Water the Soil Learn more about the importance of Soil conservation. These are biological and mechanical. NRCS's natural resources conservation programs help people reduce soil erosion, enhance water supplies, improve water quality, increase wildlife habitat, and reduce damages caused by floods and other natural disasters. It restricts soil erosion. These are biological and mechanical. Soil conservation is the best way to make sure that we have the land we need to live on or, in my case, live in. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Terrace cultivation: Steps can be cut out on the slopes making terraces. Most trees and other plants require soil to thrive because soil provides nutrients. The contamination of soil by addition of acidic or basic pollutants and due to acid rains has an adverse effect on the soil pH. Accessed 27 Dec. 2020. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Planting vegetative cover: The root systems of vegetative cover hold soils in place and prevent wind and water erosion. It provides foodstuffs and raw materials, stores and filters water and decomposes contaminants. Soil conservation seeks to restore the lost services that land provides under natural conditions. This means returning organic matter to the soil on a continual basis. Deforestation is one of the biggest causes of large scale soil erosion. Soil conservation is the act of preventing soil from being eroded and from losing its fertility because of things like over usage, acidification, salinization, or contamination by manmade chemicals. Contour plowing reduces runoff and helps crops and the soil to maintain a constant altitude. Soil conservation: Indiscriminate cutting of trees and random grazing are number one agents of land degradation.They are the root cause of soil erosion, resulting in galley formation and poor soils. Why are Coral Reefs Important to the Ecosystem. Soil conservation involves treating the soil as a living ecosystem. Soil Conservation is a combination of practices used to protect the soil from degradation. Soil conservation aims to prevent the rapid erosion and overuse of soil. Topsoil is the top layer of soil and is the most fertile because it contains the most organic, nutrient-rich materials. Soil conservation is the best way to make sure that we have the land we need to live on or, in my case, live in. What is the method of plowing the remains of the previous years crop into the ground? Managing the salinity and keeping an eye on the living organisms that exist in the soil can do wonders for keeping soil fertile. You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s only in the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary. There are many other ways to conserve soil, though these are not as tried and true as some of those mentioned earlier. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Soil can be drained away or contaminated, destroying it for use. Delivered to your inbox! Maintaining the correct value of soil pH, is thus essential for soil conservation. Have you ever wondered about these lines? Soil conservation is the process of preventing erosion and loss of fertility in soil. (johnstonnc.com) Soil conservation is the best way to make sure that we have the land we need to live on or, in my case, live in. It is achieved by furrowing the ground with contour lines between the crops themselves. It's smart. Learn more about the importance of Soil conservation. Deforestation is one of the biggest causes of large scale soil erosion. An example … Contour ploughing: Ploughing along the contour lines can check the flow of water down the slopes. Arid and Semi Arid region. Define soil conservation. Here's Why Pill Bugs Are So Important for the Environment, Exploring the Positive Impacts Organic Farming Has on Biodiversity. Here are a few: How does vegetation protect soils? 13. Soil conservation is the protection of productive soil, or the addition of nutrients to soil that has been used up. River valleys prone to flood. Soil is the foundation of all food that we and all other animals eat. Crop rotation is a great way to fight soil infertility and one that has been utilized with great success for as long as we’ve had crops to grow. In order to do this proper land utilisation coupled with agricul­tural practices should be adopted. Soil conservation is the process of preventing erosion and loss of fertility in soil. Soil conservation is the act of preventing soil from being eroded and from losing its fertility because of things like over usage, acidification, salinization, or contamination by manmade chemicals. Definition of soil conservation. The concept of soil conservation cannot be materialized without conserving and efficient use of water resources. It offers areas for settlement, transport and leisure activities and is an archive of natural and cultural history. Many of the newer methods require additional elements. What is soil conservation? Funding Opportunities Available From NRCS Programs. It may just look like dirt to you, but did you know that soil is one of our most valuable natural resources? Salty soil is caused by irregular and unsustainable irrigation using saltwater, and soil organisms are often killed by chemicals and toxins designed to “keep plants safe from pests.” In both cases — in most cases, really — the solutions for soil conservation lie in a change of agricultural practice. Chemical additives and nitrogen-rich fertilizers can help the situation for a time but eventually, the natural properties of the soil will simply die out. Terracing is the practice of creating a plantable area, not on a flat plane, but a hillside area. Examples of these practices include adding organic (e.g., manure) and inorganic (e.g., limestone) materials, using conservation tillage (reduced tillage or no-tillage systems), reducing the amount and frequency of use of summer fallow, rotating crops and growing legumes (e.g., clover). Soil loss and loss of soil fertility can be traced back to a number of causes including over-use, erosion, salinization and chemical contamination. What is it called when a farmer plants different crops in a field each year? 1 : the prevention or reduction of soil erosion and soil depletion by protective measures against water and wind damage. These include slash-and-burn farming methods, which destroy natural vegetation and inevitably strip entire ecosystems of fertile soil, as well as other unsustainable farming methods that use improper chemicals, additives, and even irrigation materials to cause irreconcilable soil damage. That is why soil conservation is important. The terraces form a series of steps, each at a higher level than the previous. Soil conservation efforts are mainly aimed at preventing soil erosion and keeping it conducive for plant growth. soil conservation in American English the protection of fertile topsoil from erosion by wind and water and the replacement of nutrients in the soil, as by means of cover crops, terracing, contour farming , … If you see something that's making the soil sick, do everything you can to make the soil healthy again. First and foremost, soil conservation involves treating the soil as a living ecosystem. You might not think it to look at it, but dirt isn’t just something that goes in your flower beds. Soil pH is an indicator of the level of nutrients in soil. Soil conservation aims to prevent the rapid erosion and overuse of soil. When this happens, the farmers move on to other fertile lands nearby, heedless of the damage they have heaped upon the ecosystem they left behind. The type of farming activity that take… Though this doesn’t always cause erosion or loss of soil fertility at the onset, overuse and unsustainable crop rotations can leave the land completely unfit in a few short years. Soil conservation practices are commonly used in forestry during harvesting and replanting operations. First and foremost, soil conservation involves treating the soil as a living ecosystem. If you see your soil eroding, protect it with grass or plants. Soil can be drained away or contaminated, destroying it for use. A typical soil conservation district office includes a manager, district conservationist, engineers, agricultural planners, technicians, soil scientist, urban reviewers and administrative staff. Most trees and other plants require soil to thrive because soil provides nutrients.Conservation of soil involves improving and maintaining general soil health through various practices including planting trees, rotating crops, and tilling.. Earthworms in the ground are a sign of healthy soil that is not too compacted. By taking proper and timely actions, farmers boost the performance of their fields for the years to come. Soil conservation measures should aim at preventing or at least minimising the soils loss. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Soil Conservation. Soil conservation technicians are important for the ongoing health of agriculture and more, globally. Soil Conservation is a combination of practices used to protect the soil from degradation. Conservation of soil involves improving and maintaining general soil health through various practices including planting trees, … ii. Soil Conservation is the name given to a handful of techniques aimed at preserving the soil. Soil conservation is a "combination" of practices used to protect the soil from degradation. The uptake of nutrients by plants also depends on the pH of soil. Conservation Plowing. It is necessary at many different stages in the life cycle. Soil Conservation. This is why soil conservation is so important. --Soil conservation is the best way to make sure that we have the land we need to live on If you see your soil eroding, protect it with grass or plants. Our origins date back to the Dust Bowl Years of the 1930s when Congress—in response to the widespread damage caused by the loss of our nation’s top­soil—passed the Soil Conservation Act. Wikipedia defines soil conservation as, “ Soil conservation is the prevention of soil loss from erosion or reduced fertility caused by over usage, acidification, salinization or other chemical soil contamination. Soil infertility usually occurs when the quantities of nutrients are removed from the soil by over-farming or unsustainable farming practices. If you see something that's making the soil sick, do everything you can to make the soil healthy again. This method was actually practiced by the ancient Phoenicians and has been known to retain more soil and increase crop yields from 10 to 50 percent. A soil conservationist must collect samples and take measurements of land in order to understand erosion, create a plan for conservation and calculate the costs and time involved in … In order to prevent this from happening, we need to be mindful of the amazing ecosystem beneath our feet. Methods of soil conservation: 1. First and foremost, soil conservation involves treating the soil as a living ecosystem, and recognizing that all the organisms that make the soil their home, play important roles in producing a fertile healthy environment. Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of different types of crops in the same area across the growing seasons. Soils should be protected from natural forces such as wind, rainfall, and … Soil conservation is important because soil is crucial for many aspects of human life as it provides food, filters air and water and helps to decompose biological waste into nutrients for new plant life. Soil conservation is not only the process to check soil erosion, but also it denotes conserving soil from salinization, acidification and other chemical contamination caused by unsustainable overuse. In order to do this proper land utilisation coupled with agricul­tural practices should be adopted. 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