It was hoped that the Chinese Expeditionary Force in Burma, commanded by Luo Zhuoying and consisting of the Fifth Army (commanded by Du Yuming) and the Sixth and Sixty-sixth Armies, could hold a front south of Mandalay. A Note on Colours Colours quoted in this reference guide should be used with the following in mind: 1. On the eastern part of the front, in the Battle of Yunnan-Burma Road, the Chinese 200th Division held up the Japanese for a time around Toungoo, but after its fall the road was open for motorised troops of the Japanese 56th Division to shatter the Chinese Sixth Army to the east in the Karenni States and advance northward through the Shan States to capture Lashio, outflanking the Allied defensive lines and cutting off the Chinese armies from Yunnan. The retreat was delayed by incidents such as a vehicle breaking through the bridge deck, air attacks (including, allegedly, accidental attacks by the RAF and AVG), and Japanese harassment. The army and civil authorities in India were very slow to respond to the needs of the troops and civilian refugees. Although the Australian government refused to allow its troops to be committed to Burma, some British and Indian reinforcements, including the British 7th Armoured Brigade (equipped with new M3 Stuart tanks)[26] and the 63rd Indian Infantry Brigade, landed in Rangoon. After recuperating they were re-equipped and retrained by American instructors. [41] The Japanese 33rd Division likewise halted on the Chindwin at the end of May, ending the campaign until the end of the monsoon rains. Get the best deals on Original WW II Japanese Collectibles when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com. The Japanese burned Panglong, driving out the over 200 Hui households out as refugees. I was wondering if anyone had any data on the number of armored vehicles (on both sides, but especially the Japanese) that took part in the fighting in Burma. [45] The Japanese attack caused the Hui Mu family to seek refuge in Panglong but they were driven out again to Yunnan when the Japanese attacked Panglong. The Japanese Fifteenth Army, commanded by Lieutenant General Shojiro Iida, was initially assigned the mission of occupying northern Thailand, which had signed a treaty of friendship with Japan on 21 December 1941, and attacking the southern Burmese province of Tenasserim across the Tenasserim Hills. After that, it became the IJA policy that the tank is made in Japan. %���� On 12 July, a Thai division began to occupy Kayah State. British and Indian forces relied on the M-3 for armored support in the jungles of Burma, where the tank proved popular against Japanese troops lacking anti-tank … In later months, 70 to 80% of those who reached India were afflicted with diseases such as dysentery, smallpox, malaria or cholera, with 30% "desperately so".[30]. They also brought in large numbers of captured British trucks and other vehicles, which allowed them to move supplies rapidly using southern Burma's road network, and also use Motorised infantry columns, particularly against the Chinese forces. Part of the force was left behind in Moulmein and had to swim the river. >> The ad hoc Burma Corps HQ was disbanded and IV Corps HQ, which had recently arrived in India, took over the front. /ModDate (D:20140203185037-05'00') The retreating British and Indian troops were thrown back when they attempted to break through Sakuma's road block. In the early fight, a Japanese captured M3 Light Tank destroyed one M3 Medium Tank. The concurrent Battle of Meiktila and Battle of Mandalay were decisive engagements near the end of the Burma Campaign. In Burma, several tank battles happened and Japanese tanks were every time defeated by M3 Light Tanks. The second attack was a small probing raid directed at a police station in southern Tenasserim, which was repulsed. stream The general Army Staff put forth a demand for a lightweight fast tank, which would not only be used for infantry support, but also to spearhead motorize… Meanwhile, the newly created Burma Corps which had been formed to relieve Burma Army headquarters of the day-to-day responsibility for operations and consisted of 1st Burma Division, 17th Indian Division and 7th Armoured Brigade, defended the Irrawaddy River valley. If the tank was not amphibious it was considered a vehicle, and they were painted a single solid color: either khaki (which can range from light tan to darker brown) or a dark green. The British sent the 7th Armored Brigade to Burma, which had been planned to send to Malaya. [35] The troops were in an alarming state, with "hair-raising stories of atrocities and sufferings".[36]. [19], An additional factor was the Burma Road completed in 1938, which linked Lashio, at the end of a railway from the port of Rangoon, with the Chinese province of Yunnan. The port was destroyed and the oil terminal was blown up. The Japanese suffered 4,597 killed and wounded, did not pursue Burcorps into India. The Japanese naturally wished to cut this link.[20]. [33] As the Corps tried to cross to the west bank of the Chindwin by ramshackle ferries to Kalewa, on 10 May the Japanese advancing from Monywa attempted to surround them in a "basin" encircled by cliffs at Shwegyin on the east bank. Many died on the way, and when they reached India, there were several instances in which civil authorities allowed white and Eurasian civilians to continue while preventing Indians from proceeding, effectively condemning many to death. Many of them also retreated via the Hukawng Valley route and subsisted largely by looting, further increasing the misery of the refugees. /����wFn��ߏ���*�L����2���5ݎ�oP���W� m/�|���������+��8��Q�0�+�1�*���~�2���1�7����[�m�ߝ�v�]P��D�]���TT� �/=��n�b�۲۹[��:/ͤ��4��m��is�����_�O���,��(��L�cΨ!�7'2Y]#��Vd}��=jt�/��ȫ��g~��E��'����A�e�H�^����ԭ����Ͻ{�t~�]�n�V n�� T�ֆ�]�^�z�K���=��.���ؠA�sX4�I|���25���h�*��I=���&�k6�=�k���0�����'vm�fҜ� The 14th Tank Regiment fought with the Biritsh in the south of Imphal. Fearing that the bridge would fall intact to the Japanese who would use it to advance on Rangoon, the divisional commander, Major-General "Jackie" Smyth, VC, ordered it to be blown up on the morning of 23 February 1942, with most of the division stranded on the enemy-held side. Although the front-line units had maintained some semblance of order, many improvised units and rear-area troops had dissolved into a disorderly rout. The rapidly expanding Burma Independence Army harassed the Allied forces, while many Bamar soldiers of the Burma Rifles were deserting. Even in 1943 the commitment in China still amounted to 25 infantry divisions, 1 armored division, 11 mixed brigades, 1 cavalry brigade and 1 flying division – a total of 620,000 men and 14,000 vehicles. The airfields were difficult to defend and reinforce, but Burma Army HQ had been ordered to hold these outposts because of their importance to the defence of Malaya. The Japanese 143 Infantry Regiment (from 55th Division) then launched overland attacks on the airfields at Tavoy and Mergui in Tenasserim. Lieutenant General Thomas Hutton, the commander of Burma Army with its headquarters in Rangoon, had only the 17th Indian Infantry Division and 1st Burma Division to defend the country, although help was expected from the Chinese Nationalist government under Chiang Kai-shek. These tanks were instrumental in enabling the British forces to break out of Rangoon and also assisted in holding the Japanese advance on various occasions. [17] When Burma came under attack, the Bamar were unwilling to contribute to the defence of the British establishment, and many readily joined movements which aided the Japanese. /Creator /Author [34], Burma Corps reached Imphal in Manipur just before the monsoon broke in May 1942. x��]Y�7~�_�����t�y����7�lm�6� {4G��3Nf�� �@7Ճ���-Wi�"H��d�X\��*+U]d�^h�/N+�/�oN.N���'E���$k�ş'�1o��_�( /Producer Initially governed as part of British India, Burma was formed into a separate colony under the Government of India Act 1935. Although counter-attacks allowed the troops to escape, most of the Burma Corps' remaining equipment had to be destroyed or abandoned. Before the Second World War broke out, Burma was part of the British Empire, having been progressively occupied and annexed following three Anglo-Burmese wars in the 19th century. Not realising that the British were evacuating Rangoon, Sakuma had withdrawn the road block, as ordered, once the 33rd Division reached its intended positions. Field rations. �h�G6#8���+7�-��2S����� ��|�b�b��5f[�u#m r�u�rz��GO~��t�b!lQC:� Z�1�C�8't�K,ç|\v����`z[�IC��uN<0��(}��^DP�Lx�N���*�X8r��%�5��}6�, ��9��0�Ѩ��H�ϵ:F�S �W�C,�d?h��u�� C�:$�6h(mE��W�ki�We����I�@����� ����e��'� O�E�>8��G��! The Japanese forces held a slight advantage in numbers in northern Malaya and were significantly superior in close air support, armour, co-ordination, tactics and experience, Japanese units having fought in the Second Sino-Japanese War. JAPANESE ARMOUR, and TANK CREW UNIFORM COLOURS & MARKINGS 1937 - 1945 Harvey Low V2 January 2015. [23] The delays allowed Japanese parties to infiltrate to the bridge itself, and the poorly organised defence of the bridge was in danger of collapsing. However, they also instigated riots between the Buddhist and Muslim populations of the province. Japanese 37mm AT gun was also ineffecive against M3 Light Tanks. In the coastal Arakan Province, some of the Burma Independence Army reached Akyab Island before the Japanese troops. The tank regiments into which the Japanese battle tanks were usually formed in general consisted of roughly equal numbers of light and medium types. On 26 April the British, Indian and Burman forces joined the civilians in a full retreat. In this battle, Japanese tanks first encountered M3 Medium Tanks. On 22 January 1942, the main body of the Japanese 55th Division began the main attack westward from Rahaeng in Thailand across the Kawkareik Pass. Panglong, a Chinese Muslim town in British Burma, was entirely destroyed by the Japanese invaders in their invasion of Burma. The position was almost impossible to defend, and had the River Salween, almost 1.5 miles (2.4 km) wide, behind it. During the war, the British Indian Army expanded more than twelve-fold from its peacetime strength of 200,000 but in late 1941 this expansion meant that most units were undertrained and ill-equipped. [46], Japanese advance to the Salween and Chindwin. That tank shot at the rear of M3 Medium Tank at close range. �n´�@�? Zaloga, Steven. Though the first Japanese tank was made, it was too big and too heavy (18 tons) to use as main tank … After the fall of Rangoon, the Allies tried to make a stand in central Burma. `��J~HI����E�0�u�\���s =���m'0����^��� During the battles of Khalkhin Gol, the Japanese Army's 1st Tank Corps (Yasuoka Detachment) consisted of the 3rd Tank Regiment and 4th Tank Regiment. The first U.S. tank versus tank combat to occur in World War II, began on 22 December 1941, when a platoon of five brand new M3 Stuart light tanks from "B" company, 192nd Tank Battalion led by Lieutenant Ben R. Morin engaged the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) 4th Tank Regiment's Type 95 Ha-Go light tanks north of Damortis during the retreat to the Bataan Peninsula in The 1st Burma Division was cut off and trapped in the blazing oilfields at Yenangyaung, which the Allies themselves demolished to deny the facilities to the Japanese. Alexander ordered counter-attacks against the Japanese at Pegu, 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Rangoon, but soon realised that there was no hope of defending Rangoon. Japanese Type 97 Tank Chi-Ha. /Filter /FlateDecode At least 500,000 civilian fugitives reached India, while an unknown number, conservatively estimated between 10,000 and 50,000, died along the way. Their plans involved an attack on Burma partly because of Burma's own natural resources (which included some oil from fields around Yenangyaung, but also minerals such as cobalt and large surpluses of rice), but also to protect the flank of their main attack against Malaya and Singapore and provide a buffer zone to protect the territories they intended to occupy. On 21 December 1941, Thailand had signed a military alliance with Japan. [39] The 23,000[40] Chinese soldiers who had retreated into India were put under the command of the American General Joseph Stilwell, who had also made his way to India on foot, and were concentrated in camps at Ramgarh in Bihar. The first Japanese attack on 14 December 1941, against Victoria Point, almost the most southerly point of Burma, was expected and was not contested. /Title � �^a��Zc�[s�U�Ye���Z\�83�/R����Kk��ᢰ� h�s�J��Me���w�;����Α,\D$��ŀT��]��s���� U.S. Army M3 tanks during maneuvers in the United Kingdom. [43] The Hui Muslim Ma Guanggui became the leader of the Hui Panglong self-defense guard created by Su[who? Starving refugees, disorganised stragglers, and the sick and wounded clogged the primitive roads and tracks leading to India. ����X���ľk_O�6����/'?��"پ���K���_P�وֵ�1��L-���*�\u&j��d�,��b�.�L�[�*�J~k�g��V����Y(ٰ[�:Ӛ�Z�z�����b�u>B�B�Y��oa lNJd��^Z����Q��QuZU5,��g�˓/�-�5��4�Lk,����?N���vu*3���?�W���թ��r�2���_��L.�����տϾ?���)N�������+�'\n=�s����v�ef#�]W��w�S��� ��~����&!�〦�y�D�B��p��179�+�����xQlV"���.���9�k��E��:�3{��u�'pf��]�y� VW��as�]�w��γ"|�RRƾ�)��޺��������T�߬�� V���u�gT�}���%5� ��{���Sh�X�Y.i�v���B�΅���tc_�w�2�~��:tm5ˏ��%>�N�w ���Ni��;��&�K�e���I!̷���:4 I remember building the Airfix kit of this many, many years ago. [15] Among their concerns were the importation of Indian workers to provide a labour force for many of the new industries, and the erosion of traditional society in the countryside as land was used for plantations of export crops or became mortgaged to Indian moneylenders. The remaining Chinese troops tried to return to Yunnan through remote mountainous forests but many died on the way. 4 0 obj For the IJN, amphibious tanks were considered vessels (not vehicles), and thus their standard color was grey. [42] The Japanese advance in Arakan ended just south of the Indian frontier, prompting the British military and civil authorities in and around Chittagong to implement a premature "scorched earth" policy which contributed to the Bengal Famine of 1943. With the effective collapse of the entire defensive line, there was little choice left other than an overland retreat to India or to Yunnan. The remnants of the Burma Army faced encirclement as they retreated north from the city, but broke through the Taukkyan Roadblock as the result of an error on the part of the local Japanese commander. endobj The medium tanks were the heaviest category of Japanese armored vehicles. [27] Had he not done so, the Japanese might have captured General Alexander and much of the rest of the Burma Army. In March/April 1944, in the wake of the Japanese offensive Operation Ha-Go (the Second Arakan Campaign), and the subsequent Operation U-Go (the Japanese offensive to take Imphal and invade India), most of the personnel of ‘C’ Squadron 150th RAC were flown into the besieged city of Imphal to take over the reserve Lee medium tanks of 3rd Carabiniers (254th Indian Tank Brigade, … Facts on File: World War II in the China-Burma-India theater, Japanese conquest of Burma, December 1941 – May 1942, Air Force Sixtieth Anniversary Commemorative Edition: The Flying Tigers pp. The retreat was conducted in horrible circumstances. The principal model in service at the time of Pearl Harbor was the Type 97 or “Chi-Ha.” 33, Sino-Japanese Air War 1937–45, see 1941 and 1942, Burma Campaign, Orbat for 1942 campaign, Japan, Commonwealth, Chinese, USA, A Forgotten Invasion: Thailand in Shan State, 1941–45, Thailand's Northern Campaign in the Shan States 1942–45, Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany, Rape during the Soviet occupation of Poland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Japanese_invasion_of_Burma&oldid=995071323, Military history of Thailand during World War II, Military history of Burma during World War II, Military history of India during World War II, Land battles and operations of World War II involving the United Kingdom, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2018, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 01:57. The Japanese 18th and 56th Divisions pursued the Chinese into Yunnan, but were ordered to halt on the Salween River on 26 April. [37] The majority of the refugees at Myitkyina were forced to make their way to India via the unhealthy Hukawng Valley and the precipitous forested Patkai Range. The flow of refugees began soon after the bombing of Rangoon in late December 1941 and increased to a "mass exodus" in February 1942 as the Indian (and Anglo-Indian and Anglo-Burmese) population of Burma fled to India, fearing both the Japanese and hostile Burmese. The division eventually retreated toward the bridge over the Sittang River in general disorder. Three Thai infantry divisions and one cavalry division, supported by the Royal Thai Air Force, captured Kengtung on 27 May. [44], An account of the Japanese attack on the Hui in Panglong was written and published in 1998 by a Hui from Panglong called "Panglong Booklet". The corps was gradually pushed northward towards Mandalay. Osprey Publishing, 18 Nov 1999. p. 14. Indian troops provided the majority of 14th Army's fighting strength during the Burma … An army of 30,000 Japanese troops were still trapped in central Burma, hoping to meet up with more Japanese forces on the Thai border. Four Americans were wounded and one light tank was damaged. In late 1940 Aung San, a Burmese student activist, made contact with Suzuki Keiji in Amoy and was flown to Japan for talks. Type 97 Chi-Ha – Yūshūkan Museum, Yasukuni Shrine, Tokyo (Japan) This tank was part of the 9th Tank Regiment first based in Manchuria, then in April 1944 was sent to Saipan. Medium Tanks. The Type 89 was (relatively) heavy, well armored, with a moderately efficient low-velocity 57 mm (2.24 in) gun, but utterly slow. During the first year of the campaign, the Japanese Army (with aid from Thai Phayap Army and Burmese insurgents) drove British Empire and Chinese forces out of Burma, then began the Japanese occupation of Burma and formed a nominally independent Burmese administrative government. The Allies were also hampered by the progressive breakdown of the civil government in the areas they held, and the large numbers of refugees. The Allies had no tanks, which had put them at … He and several other volunteers (the Thirty Comrades) were later given intensive military training on Hainan Island. The leading elements of the Thai Phayap Army crossed the border into the Shan States on 10 May 1942. [23], Though the Sittang River was in theory a strong defensive position, the disaster at the bridge left the Allied forces too weak to hold it. Although the division was rescued by Chinese infantry and British tanks in the Battle of Yenangyaung, it lost almost all its equipment and its cohesion. << After the war, Japanese veterans recovered the tank from Saipan. The Southern Expeditionary Army Group under overall command of Hisaichi Terauchi was responsible for all military operations in the South-East Asia. He was expecting substantial reinforcements from the Middle East, including an Australian infantry division. The Thais remained in control of the Shan States for the remainder of the war. Type 89 Medium Tank. The Burma campaign in the South-East Asian Theatre of World War II was fought primarily by British Commonwealth, Chinese and United States forces against the forces of Imperial Japan, who were assisted to some degree by Thailand, the Burmese National Army and the Indian National Army.The British Commonwealth land forces were drawn primarily from the United Kingdom, British India and … Crawford recalled that "The Medium Tank Platoon and the Reconnaissance Platoon were directed up the sides of a hill near Kutkai, to recon the nearby village. A British Lee tank crosses a river north of Imphal to meet the Japanese advance in Burma, 1944 . In April 1942 1st and 14th Tank Regiments arrived with the After the fall of Rangoon, the Allies tried to make a stand in central Burma. Supplies were not immediately a problem, as much war material (including material originally meant for shipment to China) had been evacuated from Rangoon, rice was plentiful and the oilfields in central Burma were still intact, but no proper land routes from India existed and only the recapture of Rangoon would allow the Allies to hold Burma indefinitely. The Type 97 Chi-Ha, with nearly 2100 units built (including the improved (Kai) version), was the second most produced tank in Japanese history, after the smaller Ha-Go. These plans had not taken into account the fact that Britain was also at war with Germany, and when Japan entered the war, the forces needed to defend these possessions were not available. Middle-class Indians and mixed-race refugees could often afford to buy tickets on ships or even planes, while ordinary labourers and their families in many cases were forced to make their way on foot.[29]. << A Lee tank being loaded onto a pontoon ferry . 1 0 obj Since the whole Burma/Pacific WW2 thing became a thing I was mindful of the fact that of course I would need some Japanese opposition. [16] Pressure for independence was growing. IMHO colour matches are not a science in that it is impossible for one single mix On 21 March 1942, the Japanese agreed that Kayah State and the Shan States were to be under Thai control. Tanks employing US pattern turrets were called the "Lee", named after Confederate general Robert E. Lee.Variants using British pattern turrets were known as "Grant", named after Union general Ulysses … The Type 95 can trace its roots as far back as 1933. India 1942 1945 Burma Study Weekend, York, November 2018 By: Rob PALMER, M.A. The British Civil Government of Burma had meanwhile fallen back to Myitkyina in Northern Burma, accompanied by many British, Anglo-Indian and Indian civilians. Burma had been regarded as a military "backwater", unlikely to be subjected to Japanese threat.[18]. In most cases, such training and equipment as the Indian units in Burma received was for operations in the Western Desert campaign or the North West Frontier of India, rather than jungles. It was donated to Yasukuni The Chi-Ha (“medium tank third… The M3 Lee, officially Medium Tank, M3, was an American medium tank used during World War II.In Britain, the tank was called by two names based on the turret configuration and crew size. /CreationDate (D:20140203185037-05'00') Zaloga, Steven. It proved that Japan can develop the tank by themselves. The monsoon season soon began, bringing British and Japanese operations, except for patrols, temporarily to an end. [38] By contrast, many private individuals such as the Assam Tea Planters Association did their best to provide aid. The commander of Burma Corps, Lieutenant General William Slim, tried to mount a counter-offensive on the western part of the front, but his troops were repeatedly outflanked and forced to fight their way out of encirclement. As the Allies departed, the city was on fire. It was hoped that the Chinese Expeditionary Force in Burma, commanded by Luo Zhuoying and consisting of the Fifth Army (commanded by Du Yuming) and the Sixth and Sixty-sixth Armies, could hold a front south of Mandalay. From my understanding there were several hundred on each side, but I have never seen any hard figures. During the battle of Saipan, the unit fought to the last man. The Japanese advance cut off many of the Chinese troops from China. [\�*[�/�G���+� ���B]��$�%{Xf���I���(mE���֭�� DX�xA+�UXMԽ,3I JN4z�yfpH�}� R*�Sa� & �>Y�#m�@�L C �LhI���E��\5�a�r�E:��G���ӳ��0�F���a�. The defenders, the 3rd and 6th battalions of the Burma Rifles, were overwhelmed and forced to evacuate the town in disorder. From the total of 51 divisions in China and Manchuria only 11 were available in December 1941.. >> Their troops suffered from shortage of supplies and disease, but were not subjected to Allied attacks. It was found everywhere in Asia, soldiering from the cold steppes of northern Manchuria and Mongolia to the jungles of New Guinea, Burma, the Eastern Indies, and all around the Pacific. [32] The hastily reconstituted 1st Burma Division was unable to recapture Monywa, but allowed the rest of the Corps to withdraw to the north. They also had been rapidly expanded, with an influx of Bamar soldiers, and were short of equipment and consisted mainly of new recruits. Japan entered the war primarily to obtain raw materials, especially oil, from European (particularly Dutch) possessions in South East Asia which were weakly defended because of the war in Europe. One of Ma Guanggui's nephews was Ma Yeye, a son of Ma Guanghua and he narrated the history of Panglong including the Japanese attack. They drove the Chinese 55th Division from Loikaw, taking many prisoners. The Japanese tried to cut off Burma Corps by sending troops by boat up the Chindwin River to seize the riverside port of Monywa on the night of 1/2 May. Unopposed Japanese bomber fleets attacked almost every major town and city in the Allied-held part of Burma, causing widespread destruction and disorder. Under British rule, there had been substantial economic development but the majority Bamar community was becoming increasingly restive. [45] The 3rd Tank Regiment consisted of 26 Type 89Bs, four Type 97 medium tanks , seven Type 94 tankettes, and four Type 97 Te-Ke tankettes, and the 4th Tank Regiment contained 35 Type 95s, eight Type 89As, and three Type 94 tankettes. This later led some to question the decision to blow the bridge, arguing that the river itself did not offer much of an obstacle to the Japanese, and that more harm than good was achieved, as it resulted in the stranding of two brigades and delayed the Japanese capture of Rangoon by ten days at most. %PDF-1.4 In either case, no fancy camo schemes. (Ǿ�;G�&� �w�'y��G� The Japanese reinforced their two divisions in Burma with the 18th Division transferred from Malaya and the 56th Division transferred from the Dutch East Indies after the fall of Singapore and Java. [31] The Burma Corps retreated to Manipur in India. The majority of the airfields were between Rangoon and the Axis advance and as the Japanese gained use of the airfields in Tenasserim, the amount of warning the Rangoon airfields could get of attack decreased, and they became more and more untenable. The Chinese armies each had approximately the strength of a British division but comparatively little equipment. As the threat of war grew, the Japanese sought links with potential allies in Burma. The 2nd Burma Brigade was squeezed into a progressively tighter perimeter, and eventually retreated over the river by ferry on 31 January after abandoning a large amount of supplies and equipment. Well this is a post that I would not have thought of drafting six months ago! After all, the closed infantry attack was only way to destory M3 Light Tanks. Most of the Japanese forces in Burma were … The Type 95 Ha-Gō (九五式軽戦車 ハ号 kyūgo-shiki kei-sensha Ha-Gō) (also known as Ke-Go or Kyu-Go) was a light tank used by the Imperial Japanese Army in combat operations of the Second Sino-Japanese War, at Nomonhan against the Soviet Union, and in the Second World War. The army consisted of the highly regarded 33rd Division and the 55th Division, although both divisions were weakened for several weeks by detachments to other operations. The common misconception is that British and Indian tanks in the Burma Campaign were usually just monotonous Jungle Green, devoid of markings. [21] but was rapidly reinforced by large numbers of volunteers and recruits once they crossed into Burma as part of the main Japanese invasion. 89 I-Go, only able to achieve infantry pace, was duly put on a replacement schedule, which been... And tanks advance to Mandalay, Burma was formed into a separate colony under the torrential monsoon in! 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