Gold coins were also introduced. His empire consisted of the whole of North India except Assam, Nepal, Kashmir and Gujarat. As part of this, Sher Shah introduced a new denomination of silver coin: the rupee. The currency system at the time of his accession to the throne was in a hopeless condition. Sher Shah emperor of north-eastern India (1540-1545) and founder of the Sur dynasty, was the son of Hasan Khan Sur, Jaigirdar of Sasaram (in Bihar). He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. The name of the modern Indian currency is drawn from the same. In civil cases, Hindu laws were applied to Hindu & Islamic law was applied to Muslims. He stopped the use of billon and introduced tri-metallic coinage which was adopted by Akbar and the later Mughals. His original name was Farid. Sher Shah also issued copper coins from different mints. Who among the following Hindus first joined Din-i-Ilahi / Tauhid-i-Ilahi? jital-Smallest coin of copper It was equal to the 25th part of the price. Discipline in the army: In the words of Qanungo, “The severe discipline in Sher Shah’s camp in one campaign was sufficient to turn a raw recruit into a seasoned veteran”. Shēr Shah of Sūr, original name Farīd Khan, (born 1486?, Sasaram [India]—died May 22, 1545, Kalinjar), emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic Sūr (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. Going back from his promise with Rajput ruler Purnamal Chauhan and sudden attack by Sher Shah on him. ‘Rupiya’, the name for a silver coin of a standard weight of 178 grains, which was the precursor of the modern rupee, was introduced during his reign. The ratio of exchange between the Dam and rupee was fixed at 64 to 1. Allah controls the destinies of people at His discretion, and it is not up to us to understand why events often take one turn or another. Trees were planted near the roads. He introduced the currency of rupee. Sher Shah Suri found on his accession that the currency system had practically broken down. Belonging to the communities of Hindus as well as Muslims. The currency system had debased. The First ever silver rupee coin was issued by Sher Shah. It comes from the Hindi word rupīyā, which refers to the same thing the English word does: a currency used in India, Pakistan, and much of Southeast Asia. His Administration. Planting of trees & digging wells & construction of public rest houses could be also considered as a welfare measure of Sher Shah. Due to ill-treatment of his step-mother, Sher Khan… Read more Sher Shah first introduced a silver currency called Rupya, weighed 178 grains (11.5342 grams, 1 grain = 64.7989 grams = 0.0647989 mg) and Akbar continued to issue the Rupya with his own name inscribed. Its use was continued by the Mughal rulers. According to Abbas Khan Sarwani, even an old woman could walk in the middle of the night with a basket full of gold & nobody dare to touch her. He consolidated his power practically the whole of North India in a few years. Gold coins were also introduced. It owes its origin to rupiya, issued by Sher Shah Suri in 1540-45. Smith rightly observes: "it is the basis of the existing British currency" (up to 1947). Sher Shah Suri is the unique emperor in medieval history. The most important road built by Sher Shah connected Sonar Gaon in Bengal with the Indus River (Takshila). Sher Shah introduced comprehensive land reforms. The currency reforms of Sher Shah were so lasting i.e. He was the founder of the Suri Empire in North India, with its capital at Delhi. His original name was Farid Khan. He also introduced new copper coins called as Dam which was continued by Humayun, Akbar and other Mughal emperors. The second tax was collected when goods were sold to the final consumer. All internal customs were abolished. So it is important to understand how an afghan warrior was able to defeat this defined highly skilled warrior. The punishment was severe. It was based on a ratio of 40 copper pieces (paisa) per rupee. A rupee was divided into 40 dams. Different types of mixed currencies were in circulation. Interestingly, the money is still known by the name of Rupya in India. In case, the officer’s faith in catching the criminal they were punished by him. Its basic features were as follows: (a) The system which Sher Shah introduced in most of the places was Ryotwari wherein the state kept direct relations with the peasants for the assessment and collection of the land revenue. Sher Shah, a grade-10 student was present in the auditorium along with his brother, Ahmad Shah of grade-8 when the terrorists attacked the hall. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, Essay on Currency and tariff during the Sur Empire, Short Essay on Sher Shah Suri (1540 AD to 1555 AD), Short Essay on Sher Shah’s Military Strength, Get Complete Information on Police Administration of Sher Shah, Biography of Islam Shah the Successor of Sher Shah, Sher Shah’s Charity and Educational Activities, Controlling in Management # Meaning, Definition, Types, Process, Steps and Techniques. Following are some of the main instances of Sher Shah’s military strategy. Sher Shah Suri, originally named Farid, was the grandson of an Afghan noble who had come to India to serve Bahlul Shah Lodi. Sher Shah’s system was adopted by Akbar who ditched the Shahrukhi for the rupaiya and also introduced gold coins called asharafi (mohurs). Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah is rated as one of the greatest rulers of India. One road was built to connect Agra with Burhanpur & other road connected Agra with Jodhpur. 15 years, it introduced an administration that borrowed elements from Alauddin khalji and made them more efficient. (a) Man Singh (b) Todarmal (c) Bhagwant Das (d) Birbal 191. The great emperor Akbar followed the techniques of Sher Shah’s administration while consolidating the Mughal Empire. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. Suri also introduced copper coins called dam and gold coins called mohur that weighed 169 grains (10.95 g). Sher Shah Suri defeated Sultan Mahmud Shah of Bengal (Battle of Surajgarh) He adopted the title of Sher Shah Suri after defeating Humayun in the Battle of Chausa in 1539. ‘Sati’ of Hindu women was prohibited during the reign of which Mughal emperor? Sher Shah established a large standing army and introduced several reforms to make it disciplined, efficient and strong. Name : Sher Shah Suri. It was at Narnaul id 1486 that he was blessed with a child named Farid (later famous Sher Shah Sur). Ancient India in circa 6th century BC, was one of the earliest issuers of coins in the world, along with the Chinese wen and Lydian staters. 2. Currency Reforms: The original name of Sher Shah was Farid. During his five-year rule from 1540 to 1546, Sher Shah Suri set up a new civic and military administration and issued a coin of silver, weighing 178 grains, which was also termed the Rupiya. Nissar- Akbar also followed these practices and organized the army on efficient lines with some changes as he introduced mansabdari system. He left home at an early age and took service under Bahar Khan Lohani, Sultan of Bihar, who gave him the title of Sher Khan (meaning Tiger Lord) for his courage and valour. The first "rupee" is believed to have been introduced by Sher Shah Suri, based on a ratio of 40 copper pieces (paisa) per rupee. 2. Disclaimer Sher Shah carried out full-scale reforms in the country, introduced the rupee as the Indian currency and created a powerful state, however, Allah took his life during one of the military campaigns (Sher Shah died from the explosion of his own ammunition depot) after which his son could not retain the throne and lost the war to Humayun. His first conflict was with Hemu, a general of Adil Shah, when he was just 13 years old. The in-charge of the post office was known as Daroga-i-Dag Chauki. The purpose of punishment was not to reform the criminal but to set the example for others. Trade roots are safe & merchants were not required to worry about the safety of belongings. He reduced custom duties and built an excellent connection of roads, including Grand Trunk Road in Bihar, which was 1,600 miles (2500 Kilometers) long. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. Strength: Sher Shah maintained a strong standing army at the center like Ala-ud-Din Khalji. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. He abolished all these taxes & collected only two taxes. Sher Shah was a past master in adopting successful war tactics. At present, it is known as the Grand Trunk (GT) road. Sher Shah captured Delhi and established his own dynasty known as the Suri dynasty. At the Battle of Kannauj in 1540 A.D. Sher Shah routed the Mughal forces under Humayun. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. After he died in 1545, his son Islam Shah climbed the throne. Sher Shah Suri or Sher khan, was the founder of Sur dynasty in India. He introduced the 'Rupaya' or 'Rupee' which is the offcial currency in India, Pakistan and some other states. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. Mongols and Tamerlane were the most efficient warriors at that time who were known for their raiding skills during the war. Rest houses (Sarai) were constructed for benefit of travelers. TOS Born in 1486,he was the son of a jagirdar of Sasaram, Bihar. Sher Shah was more optimistic as well as a practical leader as compared to other previous leaders who enjoyed the benefits of the thrones of Delhi. It was called phulos or money. Some Indian states minted the coin till their accession to India in 1947. [4] [6] The silver coin remained in use during the Mughal period , the Maratha era (1674–1818) [7] and in British India , as well. He also abolished the old and mixed metal currency. Sher Shah Suri introduced the silver rupee which weighed 11.6 grams. Sher Shah abolished the various duties which were levied at the frontiers of every province. Wells were dug for making the provision of drinking water. Paper money was first used in China over 1000 years ago. Today, the Reserve Bank of India issues currency under the RBI Act 1934. Sowing dissensions in Maldev’s army by forged letters. Akbar, though from a rival house, adopted several of the administrative measures innovated by Sher Shah Suri. Sher shah was the first ruler who introduced news service on the back of the horses. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. This enabled him to familiarize with the strength and weaknesses of the Mughal army. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah… An ethnic Afghan, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1538. Arriving at some sort of understanding with the ruler of Gujarat and keeping Humayun engaged in conflict with him. (a) Jahangir (b) Shah Jahan (c) Akbar (d) Aurangzeb 197. Who completed the Qutab Minar? Ans. Sher Shah went on regular tours of inspection and set up an efficient spy system. He introduced a silver rupiya of standardised weight that retained its basic form into the 20th century. Sher Shah placed considerable emphasis on justice, as he used to say, “Justice is the most excellent of religious rites, and it is approved alike by the king of infidels and of the faithful“. Akbar continued to issue the Rupya with his own name inscribed. In order to preserve the unity of his empire, Akbar adopted programs that won the loyalty of the non-Muslim populations of his realm. Sher Shah Suri abolished all these currencies & issued two new currencies made up of silver & copper. A perfect example of square tomb of the Pathan style it was constructed under the supervision of Shaikh Ahmad Niyazi. Sher Shah was born in 1472 AD. He left home at an early age and took service under Bahar Khan Lohani, Sultan of Bihar, who gave him the title of Sher Khan (meaning Tiger Lord) for his courage and valour. Photo Source Sher Shah based his administration on the principle of a welfare state. The sarais were also used as Dak- chowki. Separate code established for civil & criminal cases. The concept of the tri-metallic coinage system which became characteristic to the Mughal coinage was introduced by Sher Shah. This was the first time this denomination was used and, obviously, its use has continued to this day. The sarkars were divided into Parganas. Sher Shah issued land grants to the education institution of both the Hindus & Muslims. Humayun, defeated and overthrown, had to flee to Iran. Sher Shah Suri abolished all these currencies & issued two new currencies made up of silver & copper. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. 3. After his final defeat, Humayun had to pass nearly fifteen … His father came to know this and he wrote a letter to Jamal Khan, the Governor of Jaunpur. Born on 1486 at Sasaram, Bihar, India. Sher Khan, who also served in Haryana under Mathhi Khan and Jamal Khan, later on, built a tomb at Narnaul in the memory of his grandfather Ibrahim Khan. After his accidental death in 1545 while sieging the Kalinjar fort , his son, Islam Shah, became his successor. They played an important part in the expansion of Trade and commerce. The first paper currency issued by RBI was a 5 rupee note bearing King George VI’s portrait, in January 1938. Interestingly, the money is still known by the name of Rupya in India. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. During the ruling period of Sher Shah Suri, he issued coins in different metals. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. A relay system was used for the transportation of posts. Sher Shah introduced a new coin called Dam. Free kitchens were established by him to feed the poor & hungry. Sher Shah’s Administration. Updates & Alerts ↴ UPSC Answer Key 2019 UPPSC 2018 Answer Key Complete List of Ministers In Modi Govt. Sher Shah initially referred to education for Muslims. 5. Copyright. The word ‘rupee’ has been derived from the Sanskrit word rupyakam, meaning a silver coin. He maintained a direct link and made them direct loyal to him and not through jagirdars. Akbar, the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. Sher Shah introduced a new system of Lr assistance known as the Zabti system. Shēr Shah of Sūr, original name Farīd Khan, (born 1486?, Sasaram [India]—died May 22, 1545, Kalinjar), emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic Sūr (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. Sher Shah Suri, originally named Farid, was the grandson of an Afghan noble who had come to India to serve Bahlul Shah Lodi. (Dr. Crooke) Sher Shah was undoubtedly one of the ablest rulers of India. Sher Shah reformed the postal system as well. Sher Shah Suri followed the system of local responsibility. Sher Shah Suri found on his accession that the currency system had practically broken down. The object was to facilitate trade in the country. Sher Shah Sur (1540-1545) Sher Shah waged extensive wars with the Rajputs and expanded his empire. Whether or not this is true, what is clear is that Sher Shah was one of the greatest Muslim rulers of India. There was debasement of the current coins and the absence of a fixed ratio between the coins and various metals. Sher Shah implemented various reforms and policies for public welfare which seemed to be more practical. Sher Shah introduced comprehensive land reforms. Farid acquired the name Sher Shah from supposedly having once killed a tiger with his bare hands. The administrative system of Sher Shah Suri was so efficient that there was peace & security everywhere & crimes were rare. The coin was first introduced by Sher Shah Suri during his rule of India between 1540 and 1545, along with Mohur, the gold coin and Rupiya the silver coin. Sher Shah Suri was an able administrator. His grandfather, Ibrahim Khan Suri and his father Hasan Khan Suri migrated from Afghanistan to India during the reign of Sultan Bahlot Lodi (1451-1489). Sher means a tiger in Urdu or Hindi . Humayun defeated many Afghans but the Afghan Sher Shah Suri proved to be the most formidable enemy of Humayun and in 1539, at the Battle of Chausa, Sher Khan defeated Humayun and assumed the title of Emperor of India under the name Sher Shah. Sher Shah introduced a new coin called Dam. Answer: Farid; Why did Sher Shah Shah get the title of 'Sher Khan' from his the then patron Bahar Khan Lohani? When Humayun took over Sher Shah Suri, he retained the coinage system introduced by Sher Shah Suri. His original name was Farid. He didn’t interfere in the education system of Hindus. Sher Shah ran towards his … He had the genius to see that government must be popularised and that the king must govern for the benefit to his subjects”. 4. Among his many reforms was a complete overhaul of the monetary system. Coins of Sher Shah Suri The coins and currency reforms of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) are one of his most outstanding achievements. 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