David Hall in The Legacy of John Calvin: His Influence in the Modern World rightly stated that “citizens on both sides of the Atlantic believed that the intellectual descendents of Calvin were the founders of colonial America.” – The Puritans believed that they were Israel with their exodus to America as proof. The Puritans were members of a religious reform movement that arose in the late 16th century and held that the Church of England should eliminate ceremonies and practices not rooted in … This doctrine holds that God is all-powerful and all-knowing; therefore, the fate of each individual soul is known to God at birth. What did John Winthrop want to create in the Massachusetts Bay Colony? Puritans in both Britain and British North America sought to cleanse the culture of what they regarded as corrupt, sinful practices. Puritans believed that human nature was inherently sinful with salvation only attainable through God's grace; however, Puritans also believed in predestination, which stated that only a chosen few were eligible with no hope of recourse for the rest. Many people do not realize that there are many different denominations of the Christian faith. Just like Calvinists today, God is believed to ultimately plan everything that happens. The concept of predestination played a large role in the life of Puritans. What the Puritans did want was a society dominated by their views. The belief that set Puritans and Calvinists apart from other denominations of Protestantism, however, was predestination. Puritans believed that God had already determined who would go to heaven and who to hell, and that a small percentage of individuals among the population were the Elect, those predestined for heaven. They could not tolerate public scandal, especially when attached to a religious moment. – The non-elect were evil. Several beliefs differentiated Puritans from other Christians. Beliefs and practices of the Puritans: – Predestination/Election: God preordained some people to heaven and some to hell. The single phrase above that is accurate concerning the Puritans themselves is that they were believers in Calvinist theology. The first was their belief in predestination. They believed in predestination, which led them to search their own and others’ behavior for signs of saving grace. Puritanism, I believe, was an extension, or an alteration of Calvinism. Predestination. This made them eager to convert Natives to Christianity, which they managed to do in some places . Puritans believed that belief in Jesus and participation in the sacraments could not alone effect one's salvation; one cannot choose salvation, for that is the privilege of God alone. They did believe in predestination. 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