Sher Shah Suri followed the system of local responsibility. His father was Hassan Khan; His family came to India from Afghanistan. About Sher Shah Suri. Tomb of Sher Shah Suri in Sasaram (Bihar, India). Next, he abolished all old and mixed metal currency coins. The story of Islamic imperialism in India. To connect with Sher Shah, sign up for Facebook today. Shiqdar was the head of Sarkar and head of pargana administration. Erst bei seiner Nachfolge auf den Thron der Suri-Dynastie im November 1554 nahm er den Namen Muhammad ʿAdil Shāh Sūrī an. He entered the service of Baharkhan Lohani of Behar from whom received the title of Sherkhan, for killing a lion single handed. 478-79. The king had heard exceeding praise of her, and he considered how to get possession of her, for he feared lest if he stormed the fort, the Raja Kirat Sing would certainly make a jauhar, and would burn the girl... Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi of Abbas Khan Sherwani in Elliot and Dowson, History of India as told by its own Historians, Volume IV, pp. It was virtually intact when Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) officials discovered it in 2016. He reorganized the empire and revived the historical city of Pataliputra as Patna which had been in decline since the 7th century CE. As Eraly informs us: "With peace and security came prosperity. “…The nobles and chiefs said, ‘It seems expedient that the victorious standards should move towards the Dekhin’…Sher Shah replied: ‘What you have said is most right and proper, but it has come into my mind that since the time of Sultan Ibrahim, the infidel zamindars have rendered the country of Islam full of unbelievers, and having thrown down masjids and buildings of the believers, placed idol-shrines in them, and they are in possession of the country of Delhi and Malwa. He was an efficient administrator and a brave military general. Chapter 7, "Sher Shah gave to many of his kindred who came from Roh money and property far exceeding their expectations." Sher Shah, an Afghan chief, defeated him in two bloody battles, and restored for a time the Afghan power in India. Sign Up. Sher Shah Sur (AD 1538-1545) Jodhpur (Rajasthan) Tarikh-i-Da‘udi in Sharma, Sri Ram, Religious Policy of the Mughal Emperors, Bombay, 1962. 407-09. Sher Shah Suri of Sher Khan (Pasjtoe: فريد خان شیر شاہ سوری, farīd khān šīr šāh sūrī; Bihar, ±1486 - Kalinjar, 22 mei 1545) was van 1540 tot 1545 sultan van Delhi. Text. Afghan warrior Sher Shah Suri aka “Sher Khan” (The Lion King). Sher Shah Suri Mosque, also known as Shershahi Mosque, is an example of the Afghan style of architecture. Until I have cleansed the country from the existing contamination of the unbelievers, I will not go into any other country’…”. or. Ask. Shiqdar-i-Shiqdaran – to maintain the law and order within the sarkar and to put down the revolt.. Munsif-i-munsifan-was primarily a Judge.Every sarkar was further divided into ‘Parganas’. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Sher Shah Suri sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Shah Jahan built the beautiful Taj Mahal in the memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. He was born in Hissar Firosa. The Rajputs fought with desperate bravery and after killing their women and children and burning them, they rushed to battle and were annihilated to a man.”, Zubdat-ul-Tawarikh quoted in Goel, Sita Ram (2001). Sher Shah Suri took steps to issue a large number of new silver coins which, subsequently, became known as dam. Quote. Sher Shah Suri (reg. Log In. I was born with the name of Farid Khan but when I killed a lion single - handedly they started calling me Sher Shah Suri. Shaykh Nurul Haq records in Zubdat-ul-Tawarikh as follows: “In the year 950 H., Puranmal held occupation of the fort of Raisen… He had 1000 women in his harem… and amongst them several Musulmanis whom he made to dance before him. Photo. Sein eigentlicher Name war Jalal Khan. Later he became a member of the Mughal court of Babur. …Upon this, Sher Shah turned again towards Kalinjar… The Raja of Kalinjar, Kirat Sing, did not come out to meet him. All the officials were appointed by Sher Shah Suri himself & they were directly accountable to him. Afghan warrior Sher Shah Suri aka “Sher Khan” (The Lion King). Shershah Suri. Geschichte. Shershah’s original name was Farid. The empire was founded by Sher Shah Suri, an ethnic Afghan of the tribal house of Sur, who supplanted the Mughal dynasty as rulers of North India during the reign of the relatively ineffectual second Mughal Humayun.Sher Shah defeated badshah-i-Hind ('Hindustani emperor') Humayun in the Battle of Chausa (26 June 1539) and again in the Battle of Bilgram (17 May 1540). But he did not betray Islam when he became the supreme ruler. Consequently, the whole army, with the elephants, surrounded Puranmal’s encampment. The five-century-old and 4km-long stone causeway built across the Sone river by emperor Sher Shah Suri (1486AD-1545AD) as part of the famous Grand Trunk Road was considered to be the most significant archaeological find in Bihar after Independence. The cause of this tedious mode of capturing the fort was this. It was completed in 1545. Several men learned in the law (of Islam) gave it as their opinion that they should all be slain, notwithstanding the solemn engagement which had been entered into. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Sher Shah Suri in höchster Qualität. Follow. Sher Shah Suri is on Facebook. It is about 2.5 km northwest of its more famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal. Thereafter, it changed hands between the Marathas and their foes many times. So he ordered the fort to be invested, and threw up mounds against it, and in a short time the mounds rose so high that they overtopped the fort. Hij regeerde een groot deel van het noorden van India. Quotes . Engraving by Lemaitre, 1845. Mai 1545) war ein Herrscher paschtunischer Herkunft im Norden Indiens, dessen Regierung die Mogulzeit unterbrach. The fort remained with the Suris till 1555, when Humayun recaptured it. Jahrhunderts über weite Teile Nordindiens herrschenden Suriden-Dynastie. It is impossible to build, in a span of seven years, a route that covered around 2,400 kilometers connecting Chittagong to Kabul touching Lahore, Amritsar, Allahabad, Delhi, Howrah. “His attack on Maldev, Raja of Jodhpur, (was due) partly to his religious bigotry and a desire to convert the temples of the Hindus into mosques.”. 1545–1554); Firuz Shah Suri (reg. Today, the sand mafia is destroying … Sher Shah, an Afghan chief, defeated him in two bloody battles, and restored for a time the Afghan power in India. Sher Shah Suri, founder of Sur Empire. vol. Sher Shah Sur (1486-1545) Sher Shah Sur’s … Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah is rated as one of the greatest rulers of India. Shēr Shāh Sūrī (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi. The men who were in the streets and houses were exposed, and the Afghans shot them with their arrows and muskets from off the mounds. https://en.wikiquote.org/w/index.php?title=Sher_Shah_Suri&oldid=2823597, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Sher Shah, though capable of slaughter in the best Islamic style, rebuilt Delhi in fine architectural taste, and established governmental reforms that prepared for the enlightened rule of Akbar. Video. Sher Shah Suri (Sasaram, 1486-1545). It is sited in the south-west corner of Purab Darwaza near Dhawalpura.. History. He earned the title “Sher Khan” when he killed a fully grown tiger with his bare hands in a jungle in Bihar, India. No places to show. Biografie. Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and acquired knowledge in both Arabic and Persian. He was defeated at Bilgram in 1540 by Sher Shah Suri. Link. After he had been some time engaged in investing it, an accommodation was proposed and it was finally agreed that Puranmal with his family and children and 4000 Rajputs of note should be allowed to leave the fort unmolested. Sher Shah, though capable of slaughter in the best Islamic style, rebuilt Delhi in fine architectural taste, and established … Sher Shah Suri book. Sher Shah Suri (UPSC Notes):-Download PDF Here. Ihre Herrschaft wurde durch die Restauration des Mogulreiches beendet.. Herrscher der Suri-Dynastie. He introduced the currency of rupee. An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. It is rumoured that Shah Jahan died in Muasamman Burj, a tower with a marble balcony with a view of the Taj Mahal.The fort was invaded and captured by the Maratha Empire in the early 18th century. He later built a baoli (step well) in it. Islam Shah Suri (* um 1510; † 22. Audio. His historian, Abul Fazl, recorded that this was a brick fort known as ‘Badalgarh’. Current City and Hometown. After the decline of the Mughals , the British too found Patna a convenient regional capital and built a modern extension to this ancient city and called it Bankipore. Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري ‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān (Pashto: فرید خان ‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.He introduced the currency of rupee. He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. He fixed a rate between the copper and silver coins. He was given the title Sher Khan for his bravery under the Afghan Rule of Bihar. Adil Shah Suri’s general, Hemu, recaptured Agra in 1556 and pursued its fleeing governor to Delhi where he met the Mughals in the Battle of TughlaqabadRealising the importance of its central situation, Akbar made it his capital and arrived in Agra in 1558. From his early days ... Sher Shah had given high priority to caring for the peasant. Silberrupie Islam Shahs. IV, pp. IV, pp. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur Empire in North India. He was the son of Hasan, an Afghan jagirdar at Sasaram, in Bihar. Sarkars were administered by two high officials. Sher Shah Sur (AD 1538-1545) Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi in Eliot and Dowson, History of India as told by its own Historians, Vol. Muhammad Adil Shah Suri trug den Geburtsnamen Mubariz Khan. It was the custom of the Afghans during the time of sultans Bahlul and Sikandar, and as long as the dominions of the Afghans lasted, that if any Afghan received a sum of money or a dress of honour, "that sum of money or dress of honour was regularly apportioned to him, and he received it every year". The Afghan power in India entered the service of Baharkhan Lohani of Behar from whom received the Sher. Was this Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi, trs, designed by the architect Aliwal Khari, 1538! 1538 to 1545 the Swati family expanded the Grand Trunk Road Bihar Suriden genannt Afghan rule Bihar... 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