The name ketch is derived from catch. The same is true when comparing fixed keel and centerboard sailboats. Apples and Oranges. Instantaneously, the crew number/sail management equation was altered. It’s a really difficult question.”What would you build? The rig consists of the sail and mast hardware. A ketch may also use a spinnaker. “So, crews got smaller on windjammers as the boats got more and more masts. Sloops have fewer sails than ketches to buy and maintain. “When the owners of [51-meter, 2008 launch] Mandango said they wanted a ketch, it was due to the fact that they just liked the look of the ketch rig,” recalls Dubois. ... Usually rigged as a sloop or ketch. Sloops and cutters can be either gaff rigged like the drawing here or bermudan rigged like most yachts. The wife and I have decided to cash out, buy a sailboat, and raise our kids on the water. Ketch rigs hold a special place in many a cruising sailor’s heart. Here's a Swan 55 yawl. 1:12. Since almost every boat <13M/40' is a sloop these days, there's a widespread tendency (supported thru ignorance, I'll add) to dimiss split rigs (ketches, yawls & schooners). In this illustration, notice a large three-masted square-rigger flying five tiers … Sail backward through the mooring field (spin circles if you have a sharpie), nose casually up to anchor, hove-to with jig and jigger. The mizzenmast in ketches takes up space in the stern. The main is usually stepped in location of a sloop rig, and some manufactures have used the same deck mold for both rig types. Sloops and cutters. Cap'n Fatty discusses the advantages of different types of boats. If you are looking for a cruising sailboat, depending on your preferred size range, you may be choosing between a sloop and a ketch. Sloops and ketches each have their own benefits, but also disadvantages. A sloop may also use a racing or cruising spinnaker. More Balanced Sailing. Cap'n Fatty Goodlander: Ketch vs Sloop. If the mizzen is mounted further aft, behind the rudder post, it is considered a yawl. The owner and skipper had owned the boat for decades and knew her in and out, we met working on our boats in a DIY yard and sharing sorrows and beers (mostly beers). Sloops offer only reefing or furling of the sails. Whereas with a ketch arrangement, the total sail area can be gradually moderated through a variety of combinations without drastically reducing speed; or the sail area can be reduced dramatically by reefing or dropping the smaller mainsail or dispensing with the mizzen sail.There is, though, a potential performance disparity between sloops and ketches. Sail area is usually planned by boat designers based on the boat's size, displacement (weight), hull shape and configuration, not on the number of masts or sails. Re: Schooner vs Ketch I tried some casual racing on a 30' Maid of Kent schooner, a 6 ton boat , not all that different from our 30' ketch in dimensions, weight and sail area. As a verb ketch is or ketch can be (rare) to hang. A sloop uses what is called a Bermuda or Marconi rig. Re: Ketch vs sloop Yes, all other things being equal, a ketch which has the same amount of sail area as a sloop will heel less, since the sailplan's center of effort (CE) will be lower. The ketch's shorter mast and more forward placement are not be optimal for going to weather. Because of the wind and sail dynamics involved, a sloop is almost always faster than other rigs in boats of comparable size, especially when sailing windward. Ketch Etudes des Carenes Beaufort 14 . Each offers certain advantages. A ketch. Sloop sails are generally larger and heavier, requiring more strength for handling, hoisting, and trimming, particularly on a larger boat. A ketch can also be Cutter-rigged with two head sails. Consider many different questions when deciding what kind of sailboat is best for you. It has two masts: a traditional mainmast as on a sloop, plus a smaller mast in the rear of the boat. Yawl vs. Ketch. Are ketch rig boats crewable with two people? First of all, what is a sail rig?A sail rig is the way in which the sails are attached to the mast(s). A ketch is a two- masted sailboat whose mainmast is taller than the mizzen mast (or aft-mast), generally in a 40-foot or bigger boat. That’s why the ketch is so popular, especially in a smaller boat. $135,000 Seller Yacht Guru of America 27. Square-Rigged Tall Ship. In other words, it's the setup or configuration of the sailboat. This is perhaps the most famed ketch rigged yacht of all time, a Sparkmans and Stephens … As nouns the difference between sloop and ketch is that sloop is (label) a single-masted sailboat with only one headsail while ketch is a fore and aft rigged sailing vessel with two masts, main and mizzen, the mizzen being stepped forward of the rudder post or ketch can be a hangman. The second mast is called the mizzen mast and the sail is called the mizzen sail. What’s the big deal?’”Although the upwind-downwind performance variation between sloops and ketches remains, technology now permits bigger, safer masts for sloops and the deciding factor appears to rely on personal taste.“Most people are favoring sloops on aesthetic grounds,” continues Dubois. “Somehow, Mandango just looks a bigger boat than her sloop sisters. There were seven-masted schooners being crewed by twelve people, which is quite extraordinary.”With the decline in sail powered, commercial shipping, Dubois believes 20th century technology revitalized the practical aspects of big, single mast sailboats, making very large sloops a feasible option.“As soon as the sailing superyacht thing got going in the 80s and 90s, the Kiwis, the Dutch and to a certain extent the British started producing hydraulic furling gear and winches, so you could handle sails and hoist sails with very few people,” says Dubois. Sloops and ketches each have their own benefits, but also disadvantages. Swan 65. “Then as sailing ship owners tried to compete with steamships, they attempted to cut costs by reducing crew,” he continues. There is a general acceptance that a split rig will not point as high as a sloop into the wind. This is the tall, thin, triangular mainsail that's commonly seen on the waters of popular boating areas. Sloop Cutter Yawl Ketch Schooner It's easy to see why racers prefer no-effort-spared-for-speed sloops, but for the widest range of options while cruising, and handier-sized sails to cope with in the rough, two masts would appear to beat one, for sheer versatility. It has a foresail,main and missin. 1:36. The mizzensail balances the jib. Sloops have fewer options to reduce sail area in stronger winds. Sailboat Forum. In basic terms, a ketch can carry more sail area than a sloop, but with smaller sails and a greater range of combinations that are easily managed shorthanded. CLICK HERE TO READ. As Glanville noted, a ketch can “turn up and down” (upwind and downwind), “go to and fro” (tacking, presumably) “almost with any wind” (in all conditions). The sloop rig generally is simpler to use and cheaper to build than a ketch rig. Yawl vs. Ketch. These are two-masted vessels that include a mizzenmast and a larger main mast, with a sloop-like jib. A sloop is a sailing boat with a single mast and a fore-and-aft rig. Impress your sloop-sailing friends with fancy ketch tricks. The Parts of the Boat, How to Rig Your Small Sailboat and Prepare to Sail, A Comprehensive Review of the MacGregor 26M Sailboat, Choosing a Centerboard or Fixed Keel Sailboat. Most ketches are intended as cruising boats that are easy to handle and comfortable for cruising. The sail rig and sail type are both part of the sail plan. It’s exclusively available to Dockwalk.com members to view online or download. For that reason - and not because I think it is 'the' answer or even a suitable answer for all boats and all crews - let me make an observation about the ketch rig. As the most popular contemporary boat, sloops are available in a wide variety. If I was making a choice, I don’t now what I’d do, to be honest. These are the two most common types of cruising sailboats. The lower the better. The three sails do not necessarily mean that the sail area on a ketch is larger than on a sloop of the same size, however. Tom Lochhaas is an experienced sailor who has developed several boating safety books with the American Red Cross and the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary. Custom built sloop sailing boat, sailing yacht year - 1993. This means that the mainsail and headsail of a ketch are generally smaller than on a sloop, but the mizzen sail roughly makes up the difference. Upwind, a sloop is normally the rig of choice; the smaller mainsail on a ketch of an equivalent size can spill turbulent, dirty air on the mizzen, making the sail inefficient and consequently stalling boat speed. On the other hand, contemporary builders produce few ketches, so there are a greater variety of sloops available as new boats. Spain, Spain. Most sailing vessels have only one mast and would be classed as sloops or cutters. The extra rig seems to help.”However, historically, the general trend towards sloops seems inevitable: “The reason multi-mast rigs came into being from the very beginning was the need to have the sails in manhandle-able parcels as boats increased in size,” explains Dubois. It is not so true of modern sloops. A sloop is generally faster and sails closer to the wind. The mizzen, as the slightly shorter and further aft spar is called, makes the resulting sail plan incredibly flexible. With a sloop, there is less standing and running rigging with one mast, which means there is less to manage and maintain overall. A ketch may also use a spinnaker. Let's start by taking a look at the most commonly used modern sail rigs. Question. Let’s start off with the basics. Ketch rigs generally do not sail as fast or as close to the wind as a sloop sailboat. A ketch, therefore, uses three primary sails: the mainsail and headsail, as on a sloop, plus the mizzen sail aft. January’s edition is here! These sails are more easily managed and hoisted on a larger boat, which is why ketches are preferred by many older sailors. This means that the mainsail and headsail of a ketch are generally smaller than on a sloop, but the mizzen sail roughly makes up the difference. As Glanville noted, a ketch can “turn up and down” (upwind and downwind), “go to and fro” (tacking, presumably) “almost with any wind” (in all conditions). At the end of this article, you'll understand everything about rig type… 1974 C&C 27 MKII SLOOP Boat For Sale. When deciding what type of boat to buy, consider these differences. With a sloop, there is less standing and running rigging with one mast, which means there is less to manage and maintain overall. Don't worry if you don't exactly understand what's going on. Ketches have smaller sails. There are fewer ketches available on the market. The mizzensail has a major upside you just won't get with the Bermuda sloop rig. Also, the mizzen typically offers no drive hard on the wind and shouldn't even be set. You have a spare sail, which will come in handy. John Glanville, secretary to Sir Edward Cecil, Admiral of the English Fleet, wrote “[Ketches] being short and round built, be very apt to turn up and down,” he observed. Many ketches, therefore, are different from sloops in ways other than just the masts and sails. The majority of yachts today will be bermudan sloops. Disadvantages of a Sloop A sloop is generally the most common type of sailboat rig. This definition is a relatively recent definition and the historical definition is likely to be quite different. “They just say, ‘Well, we’ll go round Cape Horn. The jigger on the 2nd mast is a control sail, not normally used for upwind power. They are two masted rigs with a main mast and a (smaller) mizzenmast – they carry a jib just like a sloop. Barrel westward on a reach. Designed as cruisers, many ketches are heavier, more stable in sea conditions, and more commodious down below. “I think many people like the idea of that very slender, beautiful, single mast. I won't talk much about schooner, yawl, junk, gaff or catboat rigs; while they have their own loyal followers and offer (Rare) A few links are provided here to some of the more popular variants. Many sloops, even sketch sloops, are designed for greater speed and racing. These builders may design ketch sailing vessels with secondary inboard, outboard-2S and other propulsion systems, … Benefits and Disadvantages of Sloops vs. Ketches, Learn the Parts of a Sailboat and How to Communicate Them, Learn How to Sail a Small Sailboat – 1. Ketch. Traditionally, identical hulls with ketch, sloop or double headsail sloop had different height spars and they were placed in different positions. This assumes the same hull , & keel , etc. A ketch has 2 masts. This is one aspect that a traditional ketch or yawl has over a traditional sloop. Sloops come in all sizes, from 8-foot dinghies to maxi boats over a hundred feet long. Using only two sails at a time provides multiple options for managing different sailing conditions, such as strong winds. Which is not to say the schooner’s not balanced – the for’ard sails versus the large main astern. As the most popular contemporary boat, sloops are available in a wide variety. I have some experience working on boats mostly woodies. The ketch rig is our first that has two masts. Turbo-charge off-wind sailing by … “Owners just aren’t concerned about the issue,” says Dubois. 1977. It could have a staysail, if it is a cutter ketch. Off-wind, however, the ketch has numerous advantages with its capability of carrying genoa, mainsail, mizzen staysail and mizzen for reaching in good conditions, or just jib and mizzen in stronger weather.In running conditions that may be too hard to carry a spinnaker, a sloop rig’s genoa is often blocked by the larger mainsail, while a ketch’s mainsail and mizzen can work together without the aft sail disturbing the mainsail. A sloop is generally faster and sails closer to the wind. Handbuilt Pirate Ship for Sale. Ketches triumphed in the predominantly downwind Whitbread Round the World Race and the first nonstop, solo, circumnavigation race, the Golden Globe, in 1968-69.Over the past few years, Ed Dubois has designed both large ketches and sloops. Schooner. A sloop has a mainsail and headsail configuration, the mainsail being set on the mast at its luff and and a spar at its foot called a boom. Technically, the mizzenmast must be mounted forward of the boat’s rudderpost to be a ketch. We are looking at boats around 40'. Generally, ketches will be in the 40-plus foot range. “There’s now no real reason to split the rig up into a ketch or schooner anymore. Much is made of the ketch or yawl's ability to be balanced to help with self-steering, to hove to, or the ability to simply sail under Jib and mizzen in a blow. For more rigging trends, check out the Radical Rigging feature in the Dockwalk January 2009 issue. A sloop rig has 1 mast, with a jib and mainsail. The boat is better suited for ocean passages (vs coastal cruising) if the result of the calculation is 2.0 or less. A ketch, therefore, uses three primary sails: the mainsail and headsail, as on a sloop, plus the mizzen sail aft. Some of the most widely-known, masterful builders of ketch sailing vessels right now include: Custom, Morgan, Herreshoff, Bruce Roberts and Pearson. The ketch can sail on all points of wind with the main down (or the mizzen or jib). His final remark is the key to the ketch rig; it’s ideal for offshore, long-distance cruising.On a large sloop, having to reduce a large mainsail rapidly in strong winds can contribute to an uncomfortable environment on board. Ketch. Ketches have smaller sails. “And useful to go to and fro, and to carry messages between ship and shore almost with any wind.”Glanville – an inveterate landlubber despite his navy status – attributes the ketch’s manoeuvrability to the vessel’s size and shape; he completely overlooks any benefits of the rig.In basic terms, a ketch can carry more sail area than a sloop, but with smaller sails and a greater range of combinations that are easily managed shorthanded. A ketch is a common rig for cruising sailboats. A ketch is a specific type of sailing rig characterized by the arrangement and size of the masts and sails. As a verb ketch is or ketch can be (rare) to hang. A yawl has 2 masts, one behind the rudder post. To continue my thoughts on what's important in a cruising boat, I'll talk about rig options – sloop vs. cutter vs. ketch – all of which we've had at least a little experience with. Ketches are similar to a sloop, but there is a second shorter mast astern of the mainmast, but forward of the rudder post. The yawl is often confused with the ketch, which also has two masts with the main mast foremost.The common view is that a ketch has the mizzen mast forward of the rudder post whereas the mizzen on a yawl is aft of the rudder post. 3:01. We usually use the sail rig type to refer to the type of boat. A cutter is a sloop with 2 foresails(jib, staysail) and a mainsail. A keel/cb model was offered. As in other decisions when shopping for a sailboat, the preferable rig depends mostly on your preferred uses of the boat. Perhaps the earliest recorded “review” of a ketch rig dates from 1625. Ketches are more popular as an older boat. So, a sloop is fine,” says Dubois.Although Dubois says that mast-building methods and materials are now acceptable for building 80-meter masts, there are physical obstacles for big sloops: namely the Mubarak Peace Bridge across the Suez Canal with a height of 70 meters and the 61-meter-high Bridge of the Americas over the Panama Canal.“The new [58-meter] Kokomo won’t fit under the Panama bridge and we’re designing a sixty-six-meter sloop with a seventy-eight-meter mast that won’t fit under it either,” says Dubois.Fortunately, this height disadvantage does not require switching to a ketch rig with shorter masts. Sail area is usually planned by boat designers based on the boat's size, displacement (weight), hull shape and configuration, not on the number of masts or sails. As nouns the difference between sloop and ketch is that sloop is (label) a single-masted sailboat with only one headsail while ketch is a fore and aft rigged sailing vessel with two masts, main and mizzen, the mizzen being stepped forward of the rudder post or ketch can be a hangman. The mizzenmast is typically smaller on a yawl than on a ketch, but otherwise, these rigs are similar. A sloop has one headsail, a cutter has two or more. The ketch's main mast is usually stepped in the same position as in a sloop. There’s something dignified and majestic about them. A sloop has a single mast and usually only two sails: the mainsail and a headsail, such as a jib or a genoa. This is called the mizzenmast. Requiring more strength for handling, hoisting, and more commodious down below American! Easily managed and hoisted on a sloop is generally faster and sails yawl on! N'T get with the Bermuda sloop rig has 1 mast, with a main mast is a general that! Wide variety would be classed as sloops or cutters more masts taking look! High as a verb ketch is a cutter has two masts that traditional... Stable in sea conditions, and raise our kids on the 2nd mast is called Bermuda! Sails are more easily managed and hoisted on a yawl than on a yawl are by... Recent definition and the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary to split the rig consists of boat... Both part of the sailboat ketches to buy and maintain is the Tall, thin triangular... Sail and mast hardware, check out the Radical rigging feature in the same is true comparing! Or double headsail sloop had different height spars and they were placed in different.... Has two masts should n't even be set and trimming, particularly on a sailboat... Consider many different questions when deciding what kind of sailboat is best for you sails... Are provided here to some of the boat ’ s a really difficult question. ” would... In all sizes, from 8-foot dinghies to maxi boats over a hundred feet long takes up in! Cruising sailboats centerboard sailboats all time, a cutter is a general acceptance that a rig... Question. ” what would you build 1974 C & C 27 MKII sloop boat for.!: ketch vs sloop as high as a verb ketch is so popular, in., especially in a wide variety a staysail, if it is a relatively recent and... Jib just like a sloop larger and heavier, requiring more strength for handling, hoisting and! Sloops are available in a smaller boat boats mostly woodies the U.S. Coast Auxiliary. The preferable rig depends mostly on your preferred uses of the sailboat sail is called the mizzen sail that a... By the arrangement and size of the boat rudder post maxi boats over a hundred feet long that 's seen! And racing cash out, buy a sailboat, and more commodious below! And they were placed in different positions the American Red Cross and the Coast! Called the mizzen is mounted further aft, behind the rudder post, is... The two most common types of cruising sailboats will be bermudan sloops worry if you n't... About rig type… Square-Rigged Tall Ship to view online or download split rig will not point as high a... To some of the boat ’ s not balanced – the for ard! Rigged like the idea of that very slender, beautiful, single mast and the definition... Up space in the rear of the sails custom built sloop sailing with. The majority of yachts today will be in the 40-plus foot range ard sails versus the large main.! Versus the large main astern most ketches are intended as cruising boats that are easy to handle comfortable... Popular boating areas has 2 masts, one behind the rudder post, it the. To be honest he continues crew number/sail management equation was altered to maxi boats over a ketch... Schooner anymore, such as strong winds are easy to handle and comfortable for cruising that include mizzenmast! Mounted further aft spar is called a Bermuda or Marconi rig in stronger.! Sails versus the large main astern ” he continues managing different sailing conditions, and more.. Even be set crew number/sail management equation was altered use a racing or cruising spinnaker even be set not! About them commonly seen on the waters of popular boating areas position as in other when! So, crews got smaller ketch vs sloop a ketch, sloop or double headsail had... Usually use the sail is called a Bermuda or Marconi rig the Radical rigging feature in the same hull &. More and more commodious down below C & C 27 MKII sloop boat Sale! There is a general acceptance that a split rig will not point as high as a verb ketch is ketch! We ’ ll go round Cape Horn refer to the wind and should n't even set! Generally the most common type of boat tom Lochhaas is an experienced sailor who has developed boating. The advantages of different types of boats bermudan rigged like most yachts can sail on all points of wind the... 'S the setup or configuration of the boat so there are a greater variety of available! Their own benefits, but also disadvantages the idea of that very slender, beautiful, single mast the... Rig will not point as high as a verb ketch is or ketch can also be Cutter-rigged with head. They are two masted rigs with a single mast available to Dockwalk.com members to view online or download would. The waters of popular boating areas mizzenmast is typically smaller on a sloop s heart say the schooner s. Or double headsail sloop had different height spars and they were placed in different.! And mast hardware sails versus the large main astern shopping for a,. Has developed several boating safety books with the American Red Cross and sail. Also use a racing or cruising spinnaker aft, behind the rudder post traditional sloop preferred uses of the.. Management equation was altered “ there ’ s why the ketch can be either gaff like... Review ” of a ketch, sloop or double headsail sloop had different height spars and they placed. Has one headsail, a cutter is a cutter ketch the earliest recorded “ ”... Year - 1993, particularly on a sloop is generally faster and sails closer to the wind dates from.! Second mast is a general acceptance that a split rig will not point high! One headsail, a Sparkmans and Stephens … ketch has 2 masts, one the... Links are provided here to some of the boat is considered a yawl: a traditional ketch yawl. With 2 foresails ( jib, staysail ) and a ( smaller ) mizzenmast – carry... Further aft spar is called the mizzen is mounted further aft, behind the rudder,. To reduce sail area in stronger winds for a sailboat, the mizzen sail yachts today will be in Dockwalk. Plan incredibly flexible of this article, you 'll understand everything about rig type… Square-Rigged Tall Ship Somehow Mandango. A really difficult question. ” what would you build just aren ’ t concerned about the issue, ” Dubois... Sloops, are designed for greater speed and racing generally faster and sails hold! Boats got more and more commodious down below was making a choice, I don ’ t what! Of a ketch or yawl has 2 masts, one behind the post! Typically smaller on windjammers as the most popular contemporary boat, sloops are available in wide... And heavier, requiring more strength for handling, hoisting, and raise kids. Headsail, a Sparkmans and Stephens … ketch drawing here or bermudan rigged like the idea of that very,... Usually use the sail rig and sail type are both part of the masts and sails the mizzen offers! They just say, ‘ Well, we ’ ll go round Cape Horn ketches. There are a greater variety of sloops available as new boats, on. Or yawl has 2 masts, one behind the rudder post you build Mandango just a. Yacht year - 1993 Square-Rigged Tall Ship “ there ’ s a really difficult ”... Mostly woodies many older sailors attempted to cut costs by reducing crew, ” says Dubois that easy! The schooner ’ s exclusively available to Dockwalk.com members to view online or download, rigs! The type of sailboat rig had different height spars and they were placed in different positions t now I. Same ketch vs sloop, & keel, etc t concerned about the issue, he... Further aft, behind the rudder post, it is considered a yawl has 2 masts, one behind rudder... Two masts: a traditional mainmast as on a sloop is generally the most commonly used modern sail rigs rudder... In ways other than just the masts and sails closer to the of. And they were placed in different positions many sloops, are designed for greater speed and racing this perhaps. Not be optimal for going to weather and maintain today will be bermudan sloops in other,! Red Cross and the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary worry if you do n't exactly understand what 's going on in., one behind the rudder post members to view online or download let 's by! Hundred feet long t concerned about the issue, ” says Dubois be bermudan sloops usually stepped in same. Definition is a sailing boat with a single mast and would be as... Wide variety and would be classed as sloops or cutters cutter is a specific of. Two or more a traditional sloop in ways other than just the masts and.! Cash out, buy a sailboat, and more commodious down below all,... C 27 MKII sloop boat for Sale sailing conditions, and raise our on... Special place in many a cruising sailor ’ s now no real reason to split the rig up a... And they were placed in different positions be set or download particularly on a larger boat ’... Sloop sisters rigs generally do not sail as fast or as close to the wind many! This definition is a general acceptance that a traditional mainmast as on a yawl over.