The entire island of Guam was left without power after Paka.  Paka, which is the Hawaiian name for Pat, developed on November 28 from a trough well to the southwest of Hawaii.  Paka, which is the Hawaiian name for Pat, [ 2 ] developed on November 28 … Much of its track was characterized by fluctuations in intensity, and on December 10 the cyclone attained typhoon status as it crossed the Marshall Islands. Straight track (or straight runner). The cyclone formed on August 23 from the monsoon trough across the western Pacific Ocean . Much of its track was characterized by fluctuations in intensity, … With the usage of power generators, most areas of the island had water pumping capabilities within a few days after the typhoon. As a result of the crop shortage, large-scale evacuations of the islands' residents were considered.  Waves along northern Guam reached about 11 m (35 ft) in height. Subsequently, it briefly weakened as its forward motion increased. Along with many of the contributors who’ve roamed widely while living aboard, I’ve hunkered down for a couple of big storms, the biggest being Super Typhoon Paka, which struck Guam in 1997.  On December 19, it entered the area of responsibility of the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration, or PAGASA, and was named Rubing. , A complete island-wide power outage followed the typhoon; damage to the main electrical transmission and distribution system was estimated at USD16 million. The top image of Fig. コマンドラインと環境 PYTHONPATH — Python 3.6.5 ドキュメント, 29.13. site — サイト固有の設定フック — Python 3.6.5 ドキュメント, Pythonで文字列を置換（replace, translate, re.sub, re.subn）, Pythonの正規表現モジュールreの使い方（match、search、subなど）, Python, datetime, pytzでタイムゾーンを設定・取得・変換・削除. HONOLULU, Hawaii (December 17, 1997 - PIDP/CPIS)---The winds that accompanied Typhoon Paka along its path of destruction across Guam Tuesday and Wednesday may have crushed a world record that has stood since 1934. Further south there may have been one or more typhoons that affected Ebon, the southern-most atoll in the Marshall Islands, and closer in latitude to Kosrae (Spennenann, 2004): Experts estimated the entire redevelopment of its fauna would require more than a decade. Toward that end, we recently compared long-term resilience of Guam’s dominant arborescent species Cycas micronesica following the 1997 Supertyphoon Paka 3 and the 2004 Typhoon Chaba. # '/usr/local/Cellar/python/3.7.0/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.7/lib/python3.7/lib-dynload', # '/usr/local/lib/python3.7/site-packages'], # /Users/mbp/Documents/my-project/python-snippets. Typhoon Oliwa was one of a record eleven super typhoons in the 1997 Pacific typhoon season.It formed in the central Pacific Ocean on September 2 to the southwest of Hawaii, but it became a typhoon in the western Pacific., but it became a typhoon in the western Pacific. The “Play Tour” option lets the viewer follow the storm along its path as it intensifies. Following the passage of the typhoon, 25% of the homes on Guam were left without water.  A further 10,000 buildings sustained damage to some degree, with 60% of the homes on the island reporting major damage. I recounted that episode briefly in an editorial a while back, but did not go into a whole lot of detail.  As microbarographs are less exposed than wind sensors, pressure readings on the island are considered accurate; the lowest reading on the island was 948 hPa (27.99 inHg) at Andersen Air Force Base.  In all, about 5,000 people were left homeless due to the typhoon. The image was obtained when PAKA was in its most mature stage. Typhoon paths follow three general directions. SUPER TYPHOON LEKIMA is continuing to intensify as it …  Additionally, satellite imagery indicated an eyewall mesovortex within the eye of the typhoon. Typhoon Paka first impacted the Marshall Islands, where it dropped heavy rainfall and left $80 million in damage (1997 USD, $109 million 2009 USD).  Buildings on the island made of reinforced concrete fared well, as opposed to light metal-frame structures, which more often than not were destroyed. It steadily intensified due to warm water temperatures, and on December 3 the storm attained winds of 105 km/h (65 mph). Python で提供されているプログラムをコマンドプロンプトから実行する場合、 PATH を設定しておくと便利です。ここでは PATH の設定方法について解説します。(インストール時に自動で PATH を設定するようにチェックしていた場合には不要です)。  Across Guam, damage was estimated at USD500 million.  Typhoon Paka damaged 70% of the houses on Ailinglaplap Atoll, and most of the coconut trees on the atoll were left toppled or damaged. In turn, FEMA provided the residents with over $27 million in assistance (1997 USD, $39 million 2015 USD). The edges of the tow path were marked with buoys.  About 100 people were injured, but the typhoon caused no deaths on the island. Won Pat International Airport was closed during the passage of Paka, with only emergency flights permitted. a series of CBs preceding intensifications of hurricane Opal and typhoon Paka, respectively. It was Dec. 16, 1997, and Tirschel had just emerged from lockdown at Andersen Air Force Base after Super Typhoon Paka, with its 185 mph gusts, ravaged Guam. Aft causing major d h i d After i j 64.  In two days, the typhoon dropped about 533 mm (21 in) of precipitation on the northern portion of the island, or about 89% of the monthly rainfall total. , The tropical depression continued drifting north-northeastward, and failed to strengthen significantly. Paka continued to intensify after crossing the date line, and from late on December 7 through early the following day it remained a strong tropical storm.  Strong waves inundated low-lying islands, which flooded crops with salt water.  On Jaluit Atoll, the typhoon dropped 217 mm (8.54 in) of precipitation in six hours, with a total of about 300 mm (11.8 in) recorded in 30 hours. Typhoon Paka, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Rubing, was the last tropical cyclone of the 1997 Pacific hurricane and typhoon season, and was among the strongest Pacific typhoons in the month of December.  The typhoon also produced above-normal precipitation on Saipan. A widespread phenomenon Figure 31.  After reaching its initial peak intensity, Paka underwent an eyewall replacement cycle and began weakening as it approached the southern Mariana Islands; the NEXRAD Doppler weather radar from Guam revealed the presence of a primary eyewall of 74 km (46 mi) in diameter, with a fragmented inner wall cloud of 19 km (11 mi) in diameter. Damage on the island totaled US$500 million, which warranted the retirement of its name. Pythonのimport文で標準ライブラリやpipでインストールしたパッケージ、自作のパッケージなどをインポートするときに探索されるパス（ディレクトリ）をモジュール検索パス（Module Search Path）と呼ぶ。, 自作のパッケージやモジュールをインポートしたい場合は正しく設定しておく必要がある。, ここではimportの対象となるディレクトリのパスであるモジュール検索パスを確認したり新たに追加したりする方法を説明する。, モジュール検索パスは標準ライブラリのsysモジュールのsys.pathに格納されている。, sys.pathはディレクトリのパスを文字列として格納したリストオブジェクトなのでprint()で中身を確認できる。, 結果は環境によって異なるが、例の環境（HomebrewでPython3をインストールしたMac）では、, ターミナルでカレントディレクトリを移動して再度実行すると、3. During late November, a westerly disturbance developed into twin troughs on opposite sides of the equator; the one in the Southern Hemisphere ultimately developed into Tropical Cyclone Pam, while the one in the Northern Hemisphere formed into an area of convection about 2000 km (1240 mi) southwest of Hawaii. , Upon entering the western North Pacific Ocean, tropical cyclone warning duties transferred from the CPHC to the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), and the JMA first assessed Paka as a 65 km/h (40 mph) storm. 台風（たいふう、英: Typhoon ）は、北西太平洋または南シナ海に存在する熱帯低気圧で、かつ低気圧域内の最大風速が約17.2 m/s（34ノット、風力8）以上にまで発達したものを指す呼称 。 強風域や暴風域を伴って強い雨や風をもたらすことが多く、ほとんどの場合気象災害を引き起こす。 Typhoon Paka's strong winds over the northern two-thirds of Guam resulted in significant damage and also caused the loss of most wind observation and recording equipment on the island [e.g., the Apra Harbor Handar, the Fig. On December 2, based on satellite estimates, the CPHC upgraded the depression to Tropical Storm Paka while located about 1000 km (625 mi) south-southeast of Johnston Atoll. # ['/Users/mbp/Documents/my-project/python-snippets/notebook'. The main download provided on this page, and for students, is a sample track from the Western Pacific of Super Typhoon Paka. 2. Super Typhoon Lekima map: The horror path of 150mph cyclone - when will it make landfall?  The cyclone affected several islands in the nation, and the Majuro and Kwajalein atolls reported wind gusts in excess of 75 km/h (45 mph).  The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) unofficially assumed warning duties for interests in the United States Department of Defense. カレントディレクトリが変化していることが分かる。, スクリプトファイルを実行する場所によってインポートがうまくいったりいかなかったりするのは、カレントディレクトリによってモジュール探索パスが変わっているのが原因。, また、sys.pathの先頭から優先してモジュールを探索するため、標準ライブラリと同じ名前のファイルがスクリプトファイルと同じディレクトリにあるとそちらがインポートされる。インポートはされているのに想定の関数などが使えない場合はこれが原因。該当ファイルをリネームすればOK。, sys.pathはただのリストオブジェクトなので、append()メソッドなどで新たなパスを追加することが可能。, sys.pathにパスを追加したあとでimportを行うと、追加したパスの中のモジュールがインポートできる。, 例えばスクリプトファイルの一階層上のディレクトリを追加する場合は以下のように書ける。, sys.pathへの追加が有効なのはそのコードの中だけ。恒久的に特定のパスを追加したい場合は次に説明するPYTHONPATHか.pthファイルを使う。, 自作のライブラリを標準ライブラリやpipでインストールしたサードパーティライブラリのように使いまわしたい場合は、自作ライブラリをまとめて格納するディレクトリを作って、そのディレクトリのパスを環境変数PYTHONPATHに設定する。, Macを含むUnix系OSの場合は、例えば~/.bashrcなどに以下のように追記する。複数パスを指定する場合コロン:で区切る。, Windowsの場合も通常の環境変数と同様に「PC（マイコンピュータ）を右クリック→「システム」→「システムのプロパティ」→「環境変数」からPYTHONPATHを新たに追加して設定すればOK。Windowsの場合は複数パスを指定する場合セミコロン;で区切る。, 自作のライブラリをPYTHONPATHに追加したディレクトリに入れておけばsys.pathを処理することなくいつでもインポートして使えるようになるので便利。, 上の例の'/Users/mbp/Documents/lib'というディレクトリはPYTHONPATHに追加したもの。自作のライブラリなどをここに置いて置くようにしている。, site-packagesディレクトリの中にパス設定ファイル（.pth）を置いておくと、その中身のパスもモジュール探索パスとして追加される。, パス設定ファイル（.pth）には1行に1つのパスを記述する。相対パスでも絶対パスでもOK。#でコメントを書くことも可能。拡張子がpthであればファイル名は何でもよい。, # /Users/mbp/Documents/my-project/python-snippets/notebook. , On December 17, 1997, President Bill Clinton declared Guam a federal disaster area, making it eligible for federal assistance. By Ferdie de la Torre Variety News Staff TYPHOON Pak.a was forecast to be on a path towards the Mariana Islands.  Ultimately, FEMA received 14,770 Individual Assistance Applications from residents on Guam. Andersen Air Force Base also sustained heavy damage, with hundreds of downed trees and many facilities left damaged. The highest reading believed to be reliable was at Apra Harbor. 1997 Pacific hurricane season Season summary map First storm formed June 1, 1997 Last storm dissipated December 21, 1997 record Strongest storm Linda 902 mbar (26.64 inHg) – The 1997 Pacific hurricane season was a yearly event in tropical cyclone meteorology.. , Prior to the typhoon passing through the Marshall Islands, several hundred residents on the island of Ebeye fled to safer structures. 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